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Hardwood Flooring Installation Methods
by Jeff Hosking - Hosking Hardwood Flooring Inc.
© 2004, Copyright protected. All Rights Reserved

Nail Down – Typically used with 3/4" solid wood flooring, however on some flooring nailer models there are adapters plates available for the base of the manual flooring nailer or the pneumatic nailing gun, for thinner solid and engineered flooring sizes as well. For 3/4 inch thick flooring 2" nailing cleats are normally used to attach the flooring to the subfloor. Although there are 3 different size cleat nails that can be used for different installation applications and wood thicknesses. Solid wood flooring should only be installed on wooden subfloors on or above grade.






Staple Down
– A modified pneumatic flooring nailer that is used to drive 1-1/2 to 2 inch Staples versus cleats to attach tongue and groove engineered or solid wood flooring to the subfloor. A pneumatic nailing gun is used to drive the staple into the wood flooring and subfloor.  Wood flooring 5/8 or thinner would most likely require a smaller pull trigger pneumatic nailing gun and smaller sized staples. Read the manufacturers installation manual to assure you have the right staple gun and right size staples for your particular flooring.




Glue Down
– Can be another optional installation method for installing tongue and groove engineered wood flooring and some 5/16 inch thick solid wood flooring other than nailing or stapling the flooring down, The recommended adhesive is spread on the subfloor with the proper sized trowel to adhere the wood flooring to the subfloor. Engineered wood floors and parquets can be glued down. There are many types of adhesives on the market and they are all expensive.  Not using the manufacturers recommended adhesive and trowel size may void any warranties you may have with the flooring, although if the floor should fail due to adhesive failure then the adhesive company would normally cover the cost of the flooring.


Floating – With the floating installation method the engineered wood floor is not mechanically fastened to any part of the subfloor a bead of recommended wood glue is applied in the groove of each plank to glue the planks together. There is a thin underlayment pad that is placed between the wood flooring and the subfloor to provide a cushion. This underlayment also retards any moisture transfer from below and can reduce noise when walked on and makes the floor softer under foot.  Nowadays most all engineered floors and engineered Longstrip floors can be floated. Installing a floating floor is a fast, easy method of installation. Please consult the engineered manufacturers installation instructions to see if your flooring can be floated.


Click Loc - Many manufacturers are using newly developed ways to install their engineered flooring by milling the boards tongue and grooving design into a click lock floating floor system where the boards simply fold and lock together with no messy glue or clamping. This proven method has clearly made the process of installing wood and laminate flooring a lot faster and easier than any other type of installation method. More and more wood flooring manufacturers are offering this style of floating floors every day,  All laminate flooring has the click loc design. 

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Overall Rating: 4.8 stars - 6 reviews

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Date: November 28, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
This helped me so much I am a Interior designer and I cant remember everything all the time and to refer to this page was wonderful i ssved on my desktop thanks
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Date: February 25, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
Diane, I think you want to read their other article that is listed below this one in the menu - Hardwood Installation Tips What you need to know which goes over the proper moisture conditions needed. This article seems to go over the "Different Installation methods" not the steps regarding the entire installation. I give all these articles written on this website a 5 rating because of the in depth information they provide for us lay people. Excellent info thank you!
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Date: February 25, 2013
Page Rating: (3.5/5)
Comments:
Does not discuss the issue of proper underlayment and proper measurement of humidity. Our 6-year old Bruce Natural Choice ash (2.5 X 5/16) floor popped in several places though installer supposedly measured humidity level prior to purchase and found o.k. This was winter level. Now we cant find replacements, and had numerous repairs. This is not the correct flooring for our climate, even after purchasing a crawl space de-humidifer. And our installer did not use the underlayment I see at home depot to help release humidity.
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Date: February 10, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
Very good.. Just the info I needed with proper explanation. Thanks
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Date: October 5, 2012
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
excellant
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Date: August 22, 2012
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
like your site v. much

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